Jul 04 2015 Read 39571 Times

Picture a colossal mass of stengel and metal floating ter the open ocean. From all sides the structure is cascading with cranes, platforms and workers that all emerge to be ideally stable and at ease. Oil equipments are a true feat of innovation and never fail to make an impression. But how exactly so they float? Read on spil wij uncover what keeps thesis mammoth edifices above water level.

Ordinary physics

Spil with oil tankers, intense flow barges and cruise ships, deep sea oil equipments float according to basic physics. Spil the weight of the equipment thrusts downwards displaced water shoves upwards, thus keeping the structure afloat.

The basics

The official term for a buoyant oil equipments is a floating production system. The main types are classified spil FPSO systems, which stands for floating production, storage and offloading. Floating production systems are generally utilised te water innards ranging from 600 to 6,000 feet. The structures feature large mono-hulls and are generally manufactured te the form of a ship. All are tooled with processing facilities and are designed to stay ter one place for an extended period of time. While some equipments are functional, others are used exclusively to store extracted oil and gas. Thesis variants are simply called FSOs (which stands for floating storage and offloading systems) or FSUs (floating storage units).

Achieving optimum height

Oil equipments are designed by hugely talented engineers that equip them with a myriad of innovative features. Some deep water platforms are semi-submersible thanks to internal ballast and buoyancy chambers. Thesis can be used to either raise or lower the verhoging to the desired height.

Keeping equipments ter place

Staying afloat is one thing, but keeping equipments ter place is an entirely different ball spel. Some are hooked up to a stabilising anchor using wire string, while others are dynamically placed using high tech computer-coordinated thrusters. To keep equipments stable a series of propellers are also built into the structure.

Next generation advancements

So what&rsquo,s next on the horizon for floating oil equipments? According to industry sources the world&rsquo,s very very first floating liquefied natural gas facility is presently ter the final stages of development. This could bring a fresh era of efficiency and functionality to the LNG revolution.

While the floating oil equipments wij see today are state-of-the-art there is always slagroom for improvement. Overheen the next few years wij can expect to see floating production systems improved, enhanced and economised.

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